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Now this change in music didnt come about without a little bit of pushback. In 1941 some music snobs a.k.a. The American Federation of Musicians protested a famous overdubbed recording by Sydney Bechet where he played all six instruments on the recording. It was known asSidney Bechets One Man Band and it was protested because it wasnt considered true musicianship since the music wasnt recorded in one take. This event put a hold on the progression of overdubbing technology for many years but you cant hold back progress for long. Today the standard practice for recording popular music is basically the same as it has been since the 1960s which is heavily dependent on overdubbing by recording the rhythm section first usually drums and bass and then recording any solo instruments like piano guitar andor vocals. None of the popular recordings we hear today would be possible without this technology and especially one man bands like Moby Nine Inch Nails aka Trent Reznor or David Guetta would never be able to create their artistic visions without overdubbing. Another nifty recording advancement that revolutionized music forever is multi-track recording. And again Les Pauls name pops up when we talk about this because he was a genius and really this article should be called How Les Paul Advanced Music Technology. Period.. But seriously Les Paul had a HUGE influence on multi-track recording. He didnt invent it but he definitely helped develop it along with other multi-track pioneers like visionary engineer Tom Dowd and prolific record producer Phil Spektor. These great music minds found all sorts of ways to utilize multi-track recording but the most noticeable change this technology brought about was the introduction of stereo into music recordings. This totally changed the game. Stereo allowed productions to sound bigger utilizing techniques like what Phil Spektor called his Wall of Sound and also started experimentation with moving instruments from left to right in the stereo spectrum also known as panning. Ever wonder why you can hear a vocal or guitar part strangely panned and jumping around from left right or center on your favorite artists old albums like the Beatles or Jimi Hendrix Those were the trippy experimental beginnings of panning. It was the new hot technology of the time and those engineers and producers were going to use it to their little musical hearts content. The 70s and 80s welcomed new explorations in atmospheric sound. The development of smaller portable synthesizers by pioneers like Bob Moog in the 60s set the stage to bring completely new elements and timbres to musical arrangements in the years to come. Music transformed again in 1976 when the EMT 250 the first digital reverb on the planet hit the market. It cost a whopping 15000 and was quickly replaced by the Lexicon 224 which was a fraction of the price causing it to become the studio reverb staple of its time. This led to many new trends in popular music like the cavernous sounding drums on 80s pop records by artists like Phil Collins and the never ending snare sound on records from artists like Prince. All of the slick production of 80s pop was sharply contrasted by the growing popularity of garage rock bands. They used new cassette technology such as the Tascams four-track Portastudio to record on their own creating a lo- fi sound which is a lower quality sound usually achieved by either degrading the recorded audio on purpose or by necessity through use of cheaper recording equipment. This lo-fi sound continued to grow with major popularity in the 90s with the start of the grunge revolution started by the release of Nirvanas album Nevermind in 1991. After all of the raw emotion of the 90s the onset of the new millennium began the fixation on vocal perfection with a fun new toy called auto-tune. Truthfully auto-tune wasnt really a new toy. It was used in the 90s sparingly for vocal correction and was completely exploited in Chers famous auto-tune riddled hit Believe but it was abused to perfection by T-Pain in the early 2000s and started a musical trend so infectious that were only now starting to feel the auto-tune hangover thank goodness So whats next for music It feels like weve done it all and with the onset of massively successful artists like Amy Winehouse Adele and Sam Smith in recent years it feels like were nodding to the past and getting back to the basics and it feels good. ________________________________________________ Felice LaZae is a singersongwriter living in Los Angeles CA. Shes worked in many facets of the music industry from audio engineering to vocal coaching. Her lyric driven music is a mix of bluesy rock with a good dose of soul. To check out and download her new Give It Away EP go to her website atwww.FeliceLaZae.com. 21 WWW.FLIPMAGAZINE.NETJUNE2015